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  1. Animals use diverse antipredator mechanisms, including visual signalling of aversive chemical defence (aposematism). However, the initial evolution of aposematism poses the problem that the first aposematic in...

    Authors: Lingzi Wang, Stephen J. Cornell, Michael P. Speed and Kevin Arbuckle

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:25

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Social insects vary widely in social organization, yet the genetical and ecological factors influencing this variation remain poorly known. In particular, whether spatially varying selection influences the mai...

    Authors: Sacha Zahnd, Amaranta Fontcuberta, Mesut Koken, Aline Cardinaux and Michel Chapuisat

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:24

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  3. Male genitalia are thought to ensure transfer of sperm through direct physical contact with female during copulation. However, little attention has been given to their pre-copulatory role with respect to sexua...

    Authors: Bénédicte M. Lefèvre, Diane Catté, Virginie Courtier-Orgogozo and Michael Lang

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:23

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  4. The mammalian testis is an important male exocrine gland and spermatozoa-producing organ that usually lies in extra-abdominal scrotums to provide a cooler environment for spermatogenesis and sperm storage. Tes...

    Authors: Simin Chai, Ran Tian, Juanjuan Bi, Shixia Xu, Guang Yang and Wenhua Ren

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:22

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  5. Ciliated protists, a huge assemblage of unicellular eukaryotes, are extremely diverse and play important ecological roles in most habitats where there is sufficient moisture for their survivals. Even though th...

    Authors: Jiyang Ma, Yan Zhao, Tengyue Zhang, Chen Shao, Khaled A. S. Al-Rasheid and Weibo Song

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:21

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  6. The developmental fates of offspring have the potential to be influenced by the identity of their care-givers and by the nature of the care that they receive. In animals that exhibit both parental and allopare...

    Authors: Claudinéia P. Costa, Kaleigh Fisher, Blanca M. Guillén, Naoki Yamanaka, Guy Bloch and S. Hollis Woodard

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:20

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  7. Rearrangement is an important topic in the research of amphibian mitochondrial genomes ("mitogenomes" hereafter), whose causes and mechanisms remain enigmatic. Globally examining mitogenome rearrangements and ...

    Authors: Jifeng Zhang, Guopen Miao, Shunjie Hu, Qi Sun, Hengwu Ding, Zhicheng Ji, Pen Guo, Shoubao Yan, Chengrun Wang, Xianzhao Kan and Liuwang Nie

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:19

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  8. Strongyllodes variegatus (Fairmaire) is a major insect pest of oilseed rape in China. Despite its economic importance, the contribution of its population genetics in the development of any suitable protection con...

    Authors: Hai-Xia Zhan, Zhong-Ping Hao, Rui Tang, Li-Ni Zhu, Jing-Jiang Zhou and Shu-Min Hou

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:18

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  9. Invasive species are increasingly driving biodiversity decline, and knowledge of colonization dynamics, including both drivers and dispersal modes, are important to prevent future invasions. The bee species Megac...

    Authors: Julia Lanner, Fabian Gstöttenmayer, Manuel Curto, Benoît Geslin, Katharina Huchler, Michael C. Orr, Bärbel Pachinger, Claudio Sedivy and Harald Meimberg

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:17

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:30

  10. One of the dangers of global climate change to wildlife is distorting sex ratios by temperature-induced sex reversals in populations where sex determination is not exclusively genetic, potentially leading to p...

    Authors: Edina Nemesházi, Szilvia Kövér and Veronika Bókony

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:16

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  11. How land use shapes biodiversity and functional trait composition of animal communities is an important question and frequently addressed. Land-use intensification is associated with changes in abiotic and bio...

    Authors: Katja Wehner, Carsten Renker, Nadja K. Simons, Wolfgang W. Weisser and Nico Blüthgen

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:15

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  12. Exploring hybrid zone dynamics at different spatial scales allows for better understanding of local factors that influence hybrid zone structure. In this study, we tested hypotheses about drivers of introgress...

    Authors: Logan M. Maxwell, Jennifer Walsh, Brian J. Olsen and Adrienne I. Kovach

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:14

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  13. The domestication of tree shrews represents an important advance in the development of standardized laboratory animals. Little is known regarding the miRNA changes that accompany the transformation of wild tre...

    Authors: Caixia Lu, Mingxue Li, Xiaomei Sun, Na Li, Wenguang Wang, Pinfen Tong and Jiejie Dai

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:12

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  14. Pyrenoids are protein microcompartments composed mainly of Rubisco that are localized in the chloroplasts of many photosynthetic organisms. Pyrenoids contribute to the CO2-concentrating mechanism. This organelle ...

    Authors: Ryo Matsuzaki, Shigekatsu Suzuki, Haruyo Yamaguchi, Masanobu Kawachi, Yu Kanesaki, Hirofumi Yoshikawa, Toshiyuki Mori and Hisayoshi Nozaki

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:11

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  15. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Nick Bos, Leandro Guimaraes, Romen Palenzuela, Justinn Renelies-Hamilton, Lorrie Maccario, Simon Kolotchèlèma Silue, N.’golo Abdoulaye Koné and Michael Poulsen

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:10

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:163

  16. The earliest records in Britain for the western European house mouse (Mus musculus domesticus) date from the Late Bronze Age. The arrival of this commensal species in Britain is thought to be related to human tra...

    Authors: Oxala García-Rodríguez, Emilie A. Hardouin, Ellen Hambleton, Jonathan Monteith, Clare Randall, Martin B. Richards, Ceiridwen J. Edwards and John R. Stewart

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:9

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  17. The Scolopacidae family (Suborder Scolopaci, Charadriiformes) is composed of sandpipers and snipes; these birds are long-distance migrants that show great diversity in their behavior and habitat use. Cytogenet...

    Authors: Melquizedec Luiz Silva Pinheiro, Cleusa Yoshiko Nagamachi, Talita Fernanda Augusto Ribas, Cristovam Guerreiro Diniz, Patricia Caroline Mary O´Brien, Malcolm Andrew Ferguson-Smith, Fengtang Yang and Julio Cesar Pieczarka

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:8

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  18. In the Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP), four species of parrotfishes with complex phylogeographic histories co-occur in sympatry on rocky reefs from Baja California to Ecuador: Scarus compressus, S. ghobban, S. pe...

    Authors: David B. Carlon, D. Ross Robertson, Robert L. Barron, John Howard Choat, David J. Anderson, Sonja A. Schwartz and Carlos A. Sánchez-Ortiz

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:7

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  19. Heterobranchia is a diverse clade of marine, freshwater, and terrestrial gastropod molluscs. It includes such disparate taxa as nudibranchs, sea hares, bubble snails, pulmonate land snails and slugs, and a num...

    Authors: Rebecca M. Varney, Bastian Brenzinger, Manuel António E. Malaquias, Christopher P. Meyer, Michael Schrödl and Kevin M. Kocot

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:6

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  20. The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic is one of  the greatest  global medical and social challenges that have emerged in recent history. Human coronavirus strains discovered during previous SARS outbreaks have been hypoth...

    Authors: Vladimir Makarenkov, Bogdan Mazoure, Guillaume Rabusseau and Pierre Legendre

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:5

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  21. Syngnathid fishes (Actinopterygii, Syngnathidae) are flagship species strongly associated with seaweed and seagrass habitats. Seahorses and pipefishes are highly vulnerable to anthropogenic and environmental d...

    Authors: Miquel Planas, Cristina Piñeiro-Corbeira, Carmen Bouza, Inés Castejón-Silvo, Manuel Vera, Marcos Regueira, Verónica Ochoa, Ignacio Bárbara, Jorge Terrados, Alexandro Chamorro, Rodolfo Barreiro, Jorge Hernández-Urcera, Irene Alejo, Miguel Nombela, Manuel Enrique García, Belén G. Pardo…

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:4

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  22. Salmonids are of major importance both as farmed and wild animals. With the changing environment comes changes in pathogenic pressures so understanding the immune system of all salmonid species is of essence. ...

    Authors: U. Grimholt and M. Lukacs

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:3

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  23. Distributional responses by alpine taxa to repeated, glacial-interglacial cycles throughout the last two million years have significantly influenced the spatial genetic structure of populations. These effects ...

    Authors: Kelly B. Klingler, Joshua P. Jahner, Thomas L. Parchman, Chris Ray and Mary M. Peacock

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:2

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  24. The process of calcium carbonate biomineralization has arisen multiple times during metazoan evolution. In the phylum Cnidaria, biomineralization has mostly been studied in the subclass Hexacorallia (i.e. ston...

    Authors: Nathalie Le Roy, Philippe Ganot, Manuel Aranda, Denis Allemand and Sylvie Tambutté

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:1

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  25. How vascular systems and their respiratory pigments evolved is still debated. While many animals present a vascular system, hemoglobin exists as a blood pigment only in a few groups (vertebrates, annelids, a f...

    Authors: Solène Song, Viktor Starunov, Xavier Bailly, Christine Ruta, Pierre Kerner, Annemiek J. M. Cornelissen and Guillaume Balavoine

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:165

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  26. Eukaryotic protein-coding genes consist of exons and introns. Exon–intron borders are conserved between species and thus their changes might be observed only on quite long evolutionary distances. One of the ra...

    Authors: Irina V. Poverennaya, Nadezhda A. Potapova and Sergey A. Spirin

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:164

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. Monoculture farming poses significant disease challenges, but fungus-farming termites are able to successfully keep their monoculture crop free from contamination by other fungi. It has been hypothesised that ...

    Authors: Nick Bos, Leandro Guimaraes, Romen Palenzuela, Justinn Renelies-Hamilton, Lorrie Maccario, Simon Kolotchèlèma Silue, N.’golo Abdoulaye Koné and Michael Poulsen

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:163

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:10

  28. The huntingtin-associated protein 40 (HAP40) abundantly interacts with huntingtin (HTT), the protein that is altered in Huntington’s disease (HD). Therefore, we analysed the evolution of HAP40 and its interact...

    Authors: Manuel Seefelder, Vikram Alva, Bin Huang, Tatjana Engler, Wolfgang Baumeister, Qiang Guo, Rubén Fernández-Busnadiego, Andrei N. Lupas and Stefan Kochanek

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:162

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. Life history theory predicts that during the lifespan of an organism, resources are allocated to either growth, somatic maintenance or reproduction. Resource allocation trade-offs determine the evolution and e...

    Authors: Falk Eckhardt, Angela Pauliny, Nicky Rollings, Frank Mutschmann, Mats Olsson, Cornelia Kraus and Peter M. Kappeler

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:160

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. Sperm storage plays a key role in the reproductive success of many sexually-reproducing organisms, and the capacity of long-term sperm storage varies across species. While there are theoretical explanations fo...

    Authors: Akashdeep Dhillon, Tabashir Chowdhury, Yolanda E. Morbey and Amanda J. Moehring

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:159

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. Evolutionary transitions from terrestrial to aquatic life history cause drastic changes in sensory systems. Indeed, the drastic changes in vision have been reported in many aquatic amniotes, convergently. Rece...

    Authors: Takashi Seiko, Takushi Kishida, Mina Toyama, Takahiko Hariyama, Takashi Okitsu, Akimori Wada, Mamoru Toda, Yoko Satta and Yohey Terai

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:158

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. K-mer spectra of DNA sequences contain important information about sequence composition and sequence evolution. We want to reveal the evolution rules of genome sequences by studying the k-mer spectra of genome...

    Authors: Zhenhua Yang, Hong Li, Yun Jia, Yan Zheng, Hu Meng, Tonglaga Bao, Xiaolong Li and Liaofu Luo

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:157

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. Ecdysozoa are the moulting protostomes, including arthropods, tardigrades, and nematodes. Both the molecular and fossil records indicate that Ecdysozoa is an ancient group originating in the terminal Proterozo...

    Authors: Richard J. Howard, Gregory D. Edgecombe, Xiaomei Shi, Xianguang Hou and Xiaoya Ma

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:156

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. Parasitoidism, a specialized life strategy in which a parasite eventually kills its host, is frequently found within the insect order Hymenoptera (wasps, ants and bees). A parasitoid lifestyle is one of two do...

    Authors: Bonnie B. Blaimer, Dietrich Gotzek, Seán G. Brady and Matthew L. Buffington

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:155

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. The white-backed planthopper (WBPH), Sogatella furcifera (Horváth) (Hemiptera, Delphacidae), is a migratory pest of rice in Asia. Shandong Province, in northern China, is located on the migration pathway of WBPH ...

    Authors: Nan Yang, Zhaoke Dong, Aidong Chen, Yanqiong Yin, Xiangyong Li and Dong Chu

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:154

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. Climatic and topographic changes function as key drivers in shaping genetic structure and cladogenic radiation in many organisms. Southern Africa has an exceptionally diverse tortoise fauna, harbouring one-thi...

    Authors: Zhongning Zhao, Neil Heideman, Phillip Bester, Adriaan Jordaan and Margaretha D. Hofmeyr

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:153

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:142

  37. The process of speciation involves differentiation of whole genome sequences between a pair of diverging taxa. In the absence of a geographic barrier and in the presence of gene flow, genomic differentiation m...

    Authors: Kiwoong Nam, Sandra Nhim, Stéphanie Robin, Anthony Bretaudeau, Nicolas Nègre and Emmanuelle d’Alençon

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:152

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. The northeastern part of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (QTP) presents a high number of plateau loach species. As one of the three major groups of fishes distributed on the QTP, plateau loach has high ecological va...

    Authors: Tai Wang, Yan-ping Zhang, Zhuo-yu Yang, Zhe Liu and Yan-yan Du

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:151

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. Although Trapa is a well-defined genus of distinctive freshwater plants with accumulations of extensive morphological and embryological autapomorphies, its phylogenetic relationships have long been unclear. Forme...

    Authors: Ya Li, Yi-Ming Cui, Carole T. Gee, Xiao-Qing Liang and Cheng-Sen Li

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:150

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. Although the processes of co-evolution between parasites and their hosts are well known, evidence of co-speciation remains scarce. Microsporidian intracellular parasites, due to intimate relationships with the...

    Authors: Adrien Quiles, Rémi A. Wattier, Karolina Bacela-Spychalska, Michal Grabowski and Thierry Rigaud

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:149

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. Gene flow and polyploidy have been found to be important in Juniperus evolution. However, little evidence has been published elucidating the association of both phenomena in juniper taxa in the wild. Two main are...

    Authors: Perla Farhat, Sonja Siljak-Yakovlev, Nicolas Valentin, Carlos Fabregat, Silvia Lopez-Udias, Carlos Salazar-Mendias, Joaquín Altarejos and Robert P. Adams

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:148

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. Phenotypic convergence between distinct species provides an opportunity to examine the predictability of genetic evolution. Unrelated species sharing genetic underpinnings for phenotypic convergence suggests s...

    Authors: Yu-Chi Chen, Hao-Chih Kuo, Wen-Sui Lo and Chih-Ming Hung

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:147

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. Austropotamobius torrentium is a freshwater crayfish species native to central and south-eastern Europe, with an intricate evolutionary history and the highest genetic diversity recorded in the northern-central D...

    Authors: Leona Lovrenčić, Lena Bonassin, Ljudevit Luka Boštjančić, Martina Podnar, Mišel Jelić, Göran Klobučar, Martina Jaklič, Valentina Slavevska-Stamenković, Jelena Hinić and Ivana Maguire

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:146

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. Evolution in one selective environment often latently generates phenotypic change that is manifested only later in different environments, but the complexity of behavior important to fitness in the original en...

    Authors: Olaya Rendueles and Gregory J. Velicer

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:145

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. Phylogenetic relationships among the myriapod subgroups Chilopoda, Diplopoda, Symphyla and Pauropoda are still not robustly resolved. The first phylogenomic study covering all subgroups resolved phylogenetic r...

    Authors: Nikolaus U. Szucsich, Daniela Bartel, Alexander Blanke, Alexander Böhm, Alexander Donath, Makiko Fukui, Simon Grove, Shanlin Liu, Oliver Macek, Ryuichiro Machida, Bernhard Misof, Yasutaka Nakagaki, Lars Podsiadlowski, Kaoru Sekiya, Shigekazu Tomizuka, Björn M. Von Reumont…

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:144

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. The three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus) is a remarkable system to study the genetic mechanisms underlying parallel evolution during the transition from marine to freshwater habitats. Although the ma...

    Authors: Ryo Kakioka, Seiichi Mori, Tomoyuki Kokita, Takuya K. Hosoki, Atsushi J. Nagano, Asano Ishikawa, Manabu Kume, Atsushi Toyoda and Jun Kitano

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:143

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  47. Plants are easily affected by temperature variations, and high temperature (heat stress) and low temperature (cold stress) will lead to poor plant development and reduce crop yields. Therefore, it is very impo...

    Authors: Wan Li, Yue Chen, Minghui Ye, Haibin Lu, Dongdong Wang and Qin Chen

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:142

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  48. The Drosophilidae family is traditionally divided into two subfamilies: Drosophilinae and Steganinae. This division is based on morphological characters, and the two subfamilies have been treated as monophylet...

    Authors: Guilherme Rezende Dias, Eduardo Guimarães Dupim, Thyago Vanderlinde, Beatriz Mello and Antonio Bernardo Carvalho

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:141

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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