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  1. The recent rise in cultivation-independent genome sequencing has provided key material to explore uncharted branches of the Tree of Life. This has been particularly spectacular concerning the Archaea, projecting ...

    Authors: Monique Aouad, Jean-Pierre Flandrois, Frédéric Jauffrit, Manolo Gouy, Simonetta Gribaldo and Céline Brochier-Armanet
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2022 22:1
  2. The soft-bodied cladobranch sea slugs represent roughly half of the biodiversity of marine nudibranch molluscs on the planet. Despite their global distribution from shallow waters to the deep sea, from tropica...

    Authors: Dario Karmeinski, Karen Meusemann, Jessica A. Goodheart, Michael Schroedl, Alexander Martynov, Tatiana Korshunova, Heike Wägele and Alexander Donath
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:226
  3. Hangadi watershed is endowed with the only virgin forest in Odo shakisso harbouring high biodiversity, but it has been suffered from anthropogenic activities. This study was conducted to investigate compositio...

    Authors: Berhanu Tamiru, Teshome Soromessa, Bikila Warkineh, Gudina Legesse and Merga Belina
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:225
  4. To set up successful conservation measures, detailed knowledge on the dispersal and colonization capacities of the focal species and connectivity between populations is of high relevance. We developed species-...

    Authors: Annelore De Ro, An Vanden Broeck, Leen Verschaeve, Ilf Jacobs, Filiep T’Jollyn, Hans Van Dyck and Dirk Maes
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:224
  5. Wnt genes code for ligands that activate signaling pathways during development in Metazoa. Through the canonical Wnt (cWnt) signaling pathway, these genes regulate important processes in bilaterian development...

    Authors: Raul A. Chavarria, Mandy Game, Briana Arbelaez, Chloe Ramnarine, Zachary K. Snow and Frank W. Smith
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:223
  6. Habitat disturbance affects the biology and health of animals globally. Understanding the factors that contribute to the differential responses of animals to habitat disturbance is critical for conservation. T...

    Authors: Nicolette McManus, Sheila M. Holmes, Edward E. Louis Jr., Steig E. Johnson, Andrea L. Baden and Katherine R. Amato
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:222
  7. Non-random associations within and among groups of social animals can provide valuable insight into the function of group living and the evolution of social behaviour. Damaraland mole-rats (Fukomys damarensis) de...

    Authors: Samantha Mynhardt, Lorraine Harris-Barnes, Paulette Bloomer and Nigel C. Bennett
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:221
  8. Rooted phylogenetic networks are used to display complex evolutionary history involving so-called reticulation events, such as genetic recombination. Various methods have been developed to construct such netwo...

    Authors: Rosanne Wallin, Leo van Iersel, Steven Kelk and Leen Stougie
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:220
  9. In insect species like Drosophila melanogaster, evolution of increased resistance or evolution of particular traits under specific environmental conditions can lead to energy trade-offs with other crucial life-hi...

    Authors: Karan Singh, Ekta Kochar, Prakhar Gahlot, Karan Bhatt and Nagaraj Guru Prasad
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:219
  10. Airborne environmental DNA (eDNA) research is an emerging field that focuses on the detection of species from their genetic remnants in the air. The majority of studies into airborne eDNA of plants has until n...

    Authors: Mark D. Johnson, Mohamed Fokar, Robert D. Cox and Matthew A. Barnes
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:218
  11. To determine the presence and abundance of an aquatic species in large waterbodies, especially when populations are at low densities, is highly challenging for conservation biologists. Environmental DNA (eDNA)...

    Authors: Dan Yu, Zhongyuan Shen, Tao Chang, Sha Li and Huanzhang Liu
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:216
  12. The process of photoreception in most animals depends on the light induced isomerization of the chromophore retinal, bound to rhodopsin. To re-use retinal, the all-trans-retinal form needs to be re-isomerized ...

    Authors: Oliver Vöcking, Lucas Leclère and Harald Hausen
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:215
  13. Multiple sequence alignments (MSAs) represent the fundamental unit of data inputted to most comparative sequence analyses. In phylogenetic analyses in particular, errors in MSA construction have the potential ...

    Authors: Stephanie J. Spielman and Molly L. Miraglia
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:214
  14. The islands in the Persian Gulf are home to several species of gazelles, i.e., Gazella bennettii, G. subgutturosa, and a new subspecies of Mountain gazelles which was discovered on Farur Island and described for ...

    Authors: Davoud Fadakar, Mojdeh Raam, Hannes Lerp, Ali Ostovar, Hamid Reza Rezaei and Eva V. Bärmann
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:213
  15. Trophic shifts from one dietary niche to another have played major roles in reshaping the evolutionary trajectories of a wide range of vertebrate groups, yet their consequences for morphological disparity and ...

    Authors: Vicente García-Navas, Joseph A. Tobias, Manuel Schweizer, Daniel Wegmann, Richard Schodde, Janette A. Norman and Les Christidis
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:212
  16. The contribution of North Africa to the assembly of biodiversity within the Western Palaearctic is still poorly documented. Since the Miocene, multiple biotic exchanges occurred across the Strait of Gibraltar,...

    Authors: Luis Machado, D. James Harris and Daniele Salvi
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:210
  17. Divergence time estimation is fundamental to understanding many aspects of the evolution of organisms, such as character evolution, diversification, and biogeography. With the development of sequence technolog...

    Authors: De Chen, Peter A. Hosner, Donna L. Dittmann, John P. O’Neill, Sharon M. Birks, Edward L. Braun and Rebecca T. Kimball
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:209
  18. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) play a crucial role in immunity and development. They contain leucine-rich repeat domains, one transmembrane domain, and one Toll/IL-1 receptor domain. TLRs have been classified into...

    Authors: Andrea Orús-Alcalde, Tsai-Ming Lu, Aina Børve and Andreas Hejnol
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:208
  19. Considering wild inter-populational phenotypic differentiation can facilitate domestication and subsequent production of new species. However, comparing all populations across a species range to identify those...

    Authors: Lola Toomey, Simon Dellicour, Andrzej Kapusta, Daniel Żarski, Frederik Buhrke, Sylvain Milla, Pascal Fontaine and Thomas Lecocq
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:206
  20. Biological evolution exhibits an extraordinary capability to adapt organisms to their environments. The explanation for this often takes for granted that random genetic variation produces at least some benefic...

    Authors: Miguel Brun-Usan, Alfredo Rago, Christoph Thies, Tobias Uller and Richard A. Watson
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:205
  21. To understand which reproductive barriers initiate speciation is a major question in evolutionary research. Despite their high species numbers and specific biology, there are only few studies on speciation in ...

    Authors: Pawel Malec, Justus Weber, Robin Böhmer, Marc Fiebig, Denise Meinert, Carolin Rein, Ronja Reinisch, Maik Henrich, Viktoria Polyvas, Marie Pollmann, Lea von Berg, Christian König and Johannes L. M. Steidle
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:204
  22. Sri Lanka is a continental island separated from India by the Palk Strait, a shallow-shelf sea, which was emergent during periods of lowered sea level. Its biodiversity is concentrated in its perhumid south-we...

    Authors: Hiranya Sudasinghe, Tharindu Ranasinghe, Jayampathi Herath, Kumudu Wijesooriya, Rohan Pethiyagoda, Lukas Rüber and Madhava Meegaskumbura
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:203
  23. Dinosaurs dominated terrestrial environments for over 100 million years due in part to innovative feeding strategies. Although a range of dental adaptations was present in Late Jurassic dinosaurs, it is unclea...

    Authors: Keegan M. Melstrom, Luis M. Chiappe and Nathan D. Smith
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:202
  24. Autotetraploid Carassius auratus (4n = 200, RRRR) (abbreviated as 4nRR) is derived from whole genome duplication of Carassius auratus red var. (2n = 100, RR) (abbreviated as RCC). Ribosome DNA (rDNA) is often use...

    Authors: Chun Zhao, Yuxin Zhang, Huan Qin, Chongqing Wang, Xu Huang, Li Yang, Tingting Yu, Xidan Xu, Xiang Luo, Qinbo Qin and Shaojun Liu
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:201
  25. Ecosystem restoration is as a critical tool to counteract the decline of biodiversity and recover vital ecosystem services. Restoration efforts, however, often fall short of meeting their goals. Although funct...

    Authors: Maarten Van Geel, Tsipe Aavik, Tobias Ceulemans, Sabrina Träger, Joachim Mergeay, Gerrit Peeters, Kasper van Acker, Martin Zobel, Kadri Koorem and Olivier Honnay
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:200
  26. In genus Rhinolophus, species in the Rhinolophus philippinensis and R. macrotis groups are unique because the horseshoe bats in these group have relatively low echolocation frequencies and flight speeds compared ...

    Authors: Lin Zhang, Keping Sun, Gábor Csorba, Alice Catherine Hughes, Longru Jin, Yanhong Xiao and Jiang Feng
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:199
  27. Previous studies have discussed the special structural adaptations of Late Palaeozoic lycopsids, for example, the dispersal potential of reproductive organs. Based on materials from the Upper Devonian Wutong F...

    Authors: Yi Zhou, De-Ming Wang, Le Liu and Pu Huang
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:198
  28. Quaternary climate fluctuations have been acknowledged as major drivers of the geographical distribution of the extraordinary biodiversity observed in tropical biomes, including Madagascar. The main existing f...

    Authors: Helena Teixeira, Jordi Salmona, Armando Arredondo, Beatriz Mourato, Sophie Manzi, Romule Rakotondravony, Olivier Mazet, Lounès Chikhi, Julia Metzger and Ute Radespiel
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:197
  29. Historical and ecological processes shape patterns of genetic diversity in plant species. Colonization to new environments and geographical landscape features determine, amongst other factors, genetic diversit...

    Authors: Gustavo A. Silva-Arias, Lina Caballero-Villalobos, Giovanna C. Giudicelli and Loreta B. Freitas
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:196
  30. The boreal forest is one of the largest biomes on earth, supporting thousands of species. The global climate fluctuations in the Quaternary, especially the ice ages, had a significant influence on the distribu...

    Authors: Kai Song, Bin Gao, Peter Halvarsson, Yun Fang, Siegfried Klaus, Ying-Xin Jiang, Jon E. Swenson, Yue-Hua Sun and Jacob Höglund
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:194
  31. Agroforestry is a production system combining trees with crops or livestock. It has the potential to increase biodiversity in relation to single-use systems, such as pastures or cropland, by providing a higher...

    Authors: Anne-Christine Mupepele, Matteo Keller and Carsten F. Dormann
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:193
  32. The walnut family (Juglandaceae) contains commercially important woody trees commonly called walnut, wingnut, pecan and hickory. Phylogenetic relationships and diversification within the Juglandaceae are class...

    Authors: Huijuan Zhou, Yiheng Hu, Aziz Ebrahimi, Peiliang Liu, Keith Woeste, Peng Zhao and Shuoxin Zhang
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:191
  33. In parasitism arm race processes and red queen dynamics between host and parasites reciprocally mold many aspects of their genetics and evolution. We performed a parallel assessment of population genetics and ...

    Authors: Brenda Solórzano-García, Ella Vázquez-Domínguez, Gerardo Pérez-Ponce de León and Daniel Piñero
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:190
  34. The ‘genetic diversity’ hypothesis posits that polyandry evolved as a mechanism to increase genetic diversity within broods. One extension of this hypothesis is the ‘genetic diversity for disease resistance’ h...

    Authors: D. M. Soper, A. K. E. Ekroth and M. J. F. Martins
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:189
  35. Industrial wastewater is a human health hazard upon exposure. Aquatic organisms in contaminated wastewater may accumulate the toxic elements with time. Human population living in informal settlements in Nairob...

    Authors: Geoffrey Kariuki Kinuthia, Veronica Ngure and Luna Kamau
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:188
  36. Individuals can estimate risk by integrating prenatal with postnatal and personal information, but the relative importance of different information sources during the transgenerational response is unclear. The...

    Authors: Denis Meuthen, Maud C. O. Ferrari and Douglas P. Chivers
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:187
  37. Sympatric speciation along ecological gradients has been studied repeatedly, in particular in freshwater fishes. Rapid post-glacial ecological divergence has resulted in numerous endemic species or ecologicall...

    Authors: Thomas Mehner, Stefan Palm, Bo Delling, Juha Karjalainen, Jolanta Kiełpińska, Asja Vogt and Jörg Freyhof
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:186
  38. Natural selection can act on multiple genes in the same pathway, leading to polygenic adaptation. For example, adaptive changes were found to down-regulate six genes involved in ergosterol biosynthesis—an esse...

    Authors: Alexander F. Kern, Grace Xiaolu Yang, Neil M. Khosla, Roy Moh Lik Ang, Michael P. Snyder and Hunter B. Fraser
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:185
  39. Alligator lizards (Gerrhonotinae) are a well-known group of extant North American lizard. Although many fossils were previously referred to Gerrhonotinae, most of those fossils are isolated and fragmentary cra...

    Authors: Simon G. Scarpetta, David T. Ledesma and Christopher J. Bell
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:184
  40. The West Nile virus is a highly contagious agent for a wide range of hosts. Its spread in the Mediterranean region raises several questions about its origin and the risk factors underlying the virus’s dispersal.

    Authors: Haythem Srihi, Noureddine Chatti, Manel Ben Mhadheb, Jawhar Gharbi and Nabil Abid
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:183
  41. Chemical communication is an important aspect of the behavioural ecology of a wide range of mammals. In dogs and other carnivores, anal sac glands are thought to convey information to conspecifics by secreting...

    Authors: Sunita Janssenswillen, Kim Roelants, Sebastien Carpentier, Hilde de Rooster, Mieke Metzemaekers, Bram Vanschoenwinkel, Paul Proost and Franky Bossuyt
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:182
  42. Evolutionary processes can cause strong spatial genetic signatures, such as local loss of genetic diversity, or conflicting histories from mitochondrial versus nuclear markers. Investigating these genetic patt...

    Authors: Junchen Deng, Giacomo Assandri, Pallavi Chauhan, Ryo Futahashi, Andrea Galimberti, Bengt Hansson, Lesley T. Lancaster, Yuma Takahashi, Erik I. Svensson and Anne Duplouy
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:181
  43. Mangroves are tropical and subtropical intertidal forests colonising sheltered coasts across the world. They host a unique faunal community, dominated by brachyuran crabs and gastropods. These invertebrates st...

    Authors: Henrique Bravo, Christine L. Y. Cheng, Alessio Iannucci, Chiara Natali, Aline Quadros, Martin Rhodes, Matthew M. L. Yip, Stefano Cannicci and Sara Fratini
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:180
  44. Evolution of reproductive isolation is an important process, generating biodiversity and driving speciation. To better understand this process, it is necessary to investigate factors underlying reproductive is...

    Authors: Yukie Sato, Satoshi Fujiwara, Martijn Egas, Tomoko Matsuda and Tetsuo Gotoh
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:177
  45. Homo sapiens have experienced admixture many times in the last few thousand years. To examine how admixture affects local adaptation, we investigated genomes of modern Polynesians, who are shaped through admixtur...

    Authors: Mariko Isshiki, Izumi Naka, Ryosuke Kimura, Nao Nishida, Takuro Furusawa, Kazumi Natsuhara, Taro Yamauchi, Minato Nakazawa, Takafumi Ishida, Tsukasa Inaoka, Yasuhiro Matsumura, Ryutaro Ohtsuka and Jun Ohashi
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:179

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