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Phylogenetics and phylogeography

Section edited by Craig Moritz and Herve Philippe

This section considers studies in the phylogeny and phylogeography of organisms.

Page 10 of 12

  1. The extant squamates (>9400 known species of lizards and snakes) are one of the most diverse and conspicuous radiations of terrestrial vertebrates, but no studies have attempted to reconstruct a phylogeny for ...

    Authors: R Alexander Pyron, Frank T Burbrink and John J Wiens

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2013 13:93

    Content type: Research article

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  2. To understand the ecological and evolutionary consequences of species interactions in food webs necessitates that interactions are properly identified. Genetic analyses suggest that many supposedly generalist ...

    Authors: Peter A Hambäck, Elisabet Weingartner, Lars Ericson, Lisa Fors, Anna Cassel-Lundhagen, Johan A Stenberg and Johannes Bergsten

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2013 13:92

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Obligate parthenogenesis is relatively rare in animals. Still, in some groups it is quite common and has evolved and persisted multiple times. These groups may provide important clues to help solve the ‘parado...

    Authors: Jelmer A Elzinga, Jukka Jokela and Lisa NS Shama

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2013 13:90

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Strongylocentrotid sea urchins have a long tradition as model organisms for studying many fundamental processes in biology including fertilization, embryology, development and genome regulation but the phyloge...

    Authors: Kord M Kober and Giacomo Bernardi

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2013 13:88

    Content type: Research article

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:50

  5. Cymbidium orchids, including some 50 species, are the famous flowers, and they possess high commercial value in the floricultural industry. Furthermore, the values of different orchids are great differences. Howe...

    Authors: Jun-Bo Yang, Min Tang, Hong-Tao Li, Zhi-Rong Zhang and De-Zhu Li

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2013 13:84

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Mitochondrial genes are among the most commonly used markers in studies of species’ phylogeography and to draw conclusions about taxonomy. The Hyles euphorbiae complex (HEC) comprises six distinct mitochondrial l...

    Authors: Michael B Mende and Anna K Hundsdoerfer

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2013 13:83

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Gibbons (Hylobatidae) are the most diverse group of living apes. They exist as geographically-contiguous species which diverged more rapidly than did their close relatives, the great apes (Hominidae). Of the f...

    Authors: Yi-Chiao Chan, Christian Roos, Miho Inoue-Murayama, Eiji Inoue, Chih-Chin Shih, Kurtis Jai-Chyi Pei and Linda Vigilant

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2013 13:82

    Content type: Research article

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  8. New powerful biogeographic methods have focused attention on long-standing hypotheses regarding the influence of the break-up of Gondwana on the biogeography of Southern Hemisphere plant groups. Studies to dat...

    Authors: Jeremy M Beaulieu, David C Tank and Michael J Donoghue

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2013 13:80

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The diversification of organisms with a parasitic lifestyle is often tightly linked to the evolution of their host associations. If a tight host association exists, closely related species tend to attack close...

    Authors: Andreas Tschopp, Matthias Riedel, Christian Kropf, Wolfgang Nentwig and Seraina Klopfstein

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2013 13:74

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The relationships between North Atlantic and North Pacific faunas through times have been controlled by the variation of hydrographic circumstances in the intervening Arctic Ocean and Bering Strait. We address...

    Authors: Hanna M Laakkonen, Dmitry L Lajus, Petr Strelkov and Risto Väinölä

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2013 13:67

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The arylamine N-acetyltransferases (NATs) are a unique family of enzymes widely distributed in nature that play a crucial role in the detoxification of aromatic amine xenobiotics. Considering the temporal chan...

    Authors: Audrey Sabbagh, Julie Marin, Charlotte Veyssière, Emilie Lecompte, Sotiria Boukouvala, Estella S Poloni, Pierre Darlu and Brigitte Crouau-Roy

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2013 13:62

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The Neotropics are exceptionally diverse, containing roughly one third of all extant bird species on Earth. This remarkable species richness is thought to be a consequence of processes associated with both And...

    Authors: Stephen C Lougheed, Leonardo Campagna, José A Dávila, Pablo L Tubaro, Darío A Lijtmaer and Paul Handford

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2013 13:58

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The current San and Khoe populations are remnant groups of a much larger and widely dispersed population of hunter-gatherers and pastoralists, who had exclusive occupation of southern Africa before the influx ...

    Authors: Carina M Schlebusch, Marlize Lombard and Himla Soodyall

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2013 13:56

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Heterococcus is a microalgal genus of Xanthophyceae (Stramenopiles) that is common and widespread in soils, especially from cold regions. Species are characterized by extensively branched filaments produced when ...

    Authors: Nataliya Rybalka, Matthias Wolf, Robert A Andersen and Thomas Friedl

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2013 13:39

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Colour vision in birds can be categorized into two classes, the ultraviolet (UVS) and violet sensitive (VS). Their phylogenetic distributions have traditionally been regarded as highly conserved. However, the ...

    Authors: Anders Ödeen and Olle Håstad

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2013 13:36

    Content type: Research article

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Evolutionary Biology 2014 14:62

  16. Males in some species of the genus Xiphophorus, small freshwater fishes from Meso-America, have an extended caudal fin, or sword – hence their common name “swordtails”. Longer swords are preferred by females from...

    Authors: Ji Hyoun Kang, Manfred Schartl, Ronald B Walter and Axel Meyer

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2013 13:25

    Content type: Research article

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  17. When studying the genetic structure of human populations, the role of cultural factors may be difficult to ascertain due to a lack of formal models. Linguistic diversity is a typical example of such a situatio...

    Authors: Valeria Montano, Veronica Marcari, Mariano Pavanello, Okorie Anyaele, David Comas, Giovanni Destro-Bisol and Chiara Batini

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2013 13:24

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The inhabitants of deep-sea hydrothermal vents occupy ephemeral island-like habitats distributed sporadically along tectonic spreading-centers, back-arc basins, and volcanically active seamounts. The majority ...

    Authors: Shannon B Johnson, Yong-Jin Won, Julio BJ Harvey and Robert C Vrijenhoek

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2013 13:21

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Current biodiversity patterns are considered largely the result of past climatic and tectonic changes. In an integrative approach, we combine taxonomic and phylogenetic hypotheses to analyze temporal and geogr...

    Authors: Alexander M Weigand, Adrienne Jochum, Rajko Slapnik, Jan Schnitzler, Eugenia Zarza and Annette Klussmann-Kolb

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2013 13:18

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Climatic oscillations are among the long-term factors shaping the molecular features of animals and plants and it is generally supposed that the rear edges (i.e., the low-latitude limits of distribution of any...

    Authors: Dario Patricelli, Marcin Sielezniew, Donata Ponikwicka-Tyszko, Mirosław Ratkiewicz, Simona Bonelli, Francesca Barbero, Magdalena Witek, Magdalena M Buś, Robert Rutkowski and Emilio Balletto

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2013 13:14

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The nematode infraorder Tylenchomorpha (Class Chromadorea) includes plant parasites that are of agricultural and economic importance, as well as insect-associates and fungal feeding species. Among tylenchomorp...

    Authors: Tahera Sultana, Jiyeon Kim, Sang-Hwa Lee, Hyerim Han, Sanghee Kim, Gi-Sik Min, Steven A Nadler and Joong-Ki Park

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2013 13:12

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Plastid genome structure and content is remarkably conserved in land plants. This widespread conservation has facilitated taxon-rich phylogenetic analyses that have resolved organismal relationships among many...

    Authors: Felix Grewe, Wenhu Guo, Emily A Gubbels, A Katie Hansen and Jeffrey P Mower

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2013 13:8

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Cnidaria (corals, sea anemones, hydroids, jellyfish) is a phylum of relatively simple aquatic animals characterized by the presence of the cnidocyst: a cell containing a giant capsular organelle with an eversi...

    Authors: Ehsan Kayal, Béatrice Roure, Hervé Philippe, Allen G Collins and Dennis V Lavrov

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2013 13:5

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The evolutionary history of the biota of North Africa and Arabia is inextricably tied to the complex geological and climatic evolution that gave rise to the prevalent deserts of these areas. Reptiles constitut...

    Authors: Margarita Metallinou, Edwin Nicholas Arnold, Pierre-André Crochet, Philippe Geniez, José Carlos Brito, Petros Lymberakis, Sherif Baha El Din, Roberto Sindaco, Michael Robinson and Salvador Carranza

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2012 12:258

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The complex geological history of Mesoamerica provides the opportunity to study the impact of multiple biogeographic barriers on population differentiation. We examine phylogeographic patterns in a clade of lo...

    Authors: Sean M Rovito, Gabriela Parra-Olea, Carlos R Vásquez-Almazán, Roberto Luna-Reyes and David B Wake

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2012 12:255

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Tribe Fabeae comprises about 380 legume species, including some of the most ancient and important crops like lentil, pea, and broad bean. Breeding efforts in legume crops rely on a detailed knowledge of closes...

    Authors: Hanno Schaefer, Paulina Hechenleitner, Arnoldo Santos-Guerra, Miguel Menezes de Sequeira, R Toby Pennington, Gregory Kenicer and Mark A Carine

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2012 12:250

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Seamount-associated faunas are often considered highly endemic but isolation and diversification processes leading to such endemism have been poorly documented at those depths. Likewise, species delimitation a...

    Authors: Néstor E Ardila, Gonzalo Giribet and Juan A Sánchez

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2012 12:246

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Many marine meiofaunal species are reported to have wide distributions, which creates a paradox considering their hypothesized low dispersal abilities. Correlated with this paradox is an especially high taxono...

    Authors: Katharina M Jörger, Jon L Norenburg, Nerida G Wilson and Michael Schrödl

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2012 12:245

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Delimiting genetic units is useful to enhance taxonomic discovery and is often the first step toward understanding evolutionary mechanisms generating diversification. The six species within the Rhinella crucifer ...

    Authors: Maria Tereza C Thomé, Kelly R Zamudio, Célio F B Haddad and João Alexandrino

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2012 12:242

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Over the last ten years we have seen great efforts focused on revising amphibian systematics. Phylogenetic reconstructions derived from DNA sequence data have played a central role in these revisionary studies...

    Authors: Rafael O de Sá, Jeffrey W Streicher, Relebohile Sekonyela, Mauricio C Forlani, Simon P Loader, Eli Greenbaum, Stephen Richards and Célio F B Haddad

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2012 12:241

    Content type: Research article

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  31. A Southwest Asian origin and dispersal to North Africa in the Early Upper Palaeolithic era has been inferred in previous studies for mtDNA haplogroups M1 and U6. Both haplogroups have been proposed to show sim...

    Authors: Erwan Pennarun, Toomas Kivisild, Ene Metspalu, Mait Metspalu, Tuuli Reisberg, Jean-Paul Moisan, Doron M Behar, Sacha C Jones and Richard Villems

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2012 12:234

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The major histocompatibility complex (MHC) genes are one of the most important genetic systems in the vertebrate immune response. The diversity of MHC genes may directly influence the survival of individuals a...

    Authors: Yoshiki Yasukochi, Toshifumi Kurosaki, Masaaki Yoneda, Hiroko Koike and Yoko Satta

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2012 12:230

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Cassava (Manihot esculenta) is a major food source for over 200 million sub-Saharan Africans. Unfortunately, its cultivation is severely hampered by cassava mosaic disease (CMD). Caused by a complex of biparti...

    Authors: Alexandre De Bruyn, Julie Villemot, Pierre Lefeuvre, Emilie Villar, Murielle Hoareau, Mireille Harimalala, Anli L Abdoul-Karime, Chadhouliati Abdou-Chakour, Bernard Reynaud, Gordon W Harkins, Arvind Varsani, Darren P Martin and Jean-Michel Lett

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2012 12:228

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The class A scavenger receptors are a subclass of a diverse family of proteins defined based on their ability to bind modified lipoproteins. The 5 members of this family are strikingly variable in their protei...

    Authors: Fiona J Whelan, Conor J Meehan, G Brian Golding, Brendan J McConkey and Dawn M E Bowdish

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2012 12:227

    Content type: Research article

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  35. While research on the impact of global climate change (GCC) on ecosystems and species is flourishing, a fundamental component of biodiversity – molecular variation – has not yet received its due attention in s...

    Authors: Markus Pfenninger, Miklós Bálint and Steffen U Pauls

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2012 12:224

    Content type: Methodology article

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  36. Over the last 6 decades, rodent Plasmodium species have become key model systems for understanding the basic biology of malaria parasites. Cell and molecular parasitology have made much progress in identifying ge...

    Authors: Ricardo S Ramiro, Sarah E Reece and Darren J Obbard

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2012 12:219

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The gamma-gliadins are considered to be the oldest of the gliadin family of storage proteins in Aegilops/Triticum. However, the expansion of this multigene family has not been studied in an evolutionary perspecti...

    Authors: Svetlana V Goryunova, Elma MJ Salentijn, Nadejda N Chikida, Elena Z Kochieva, Ingrid M van der Meer, Luud JWJ Gilissen and Marinus JM Smulders

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2012 12:215

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The Visayan Tarictic Hornbill (Penelopides panini) and the Walden’s Hornbill (Aceros waldeni) are two threatened hornbill species endemic to the western islands of the Visayas that constitute - between Luzon and ...

    Authors: Svenja Sammler, Valerio Ketmaier, Katja Havenstein, Ulrike Krause, Eberhard Curio and Ralph Tiedemann

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2012 12:203

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Most fishes possess two paralogs for myostatin, a muscle growth inhibitor, while salmonids are presumed to have four: mstn1a, mstn1b, mstn2a and mstn2b, a pseudogene. The mechanisms responsible for preserving the...

    Authors: Casey B Lawson, Takumu Niino, Russell A Hermansen, Vera Brok-Volchanskaya, Melissa F Jackson, Dilip K Garikipati, David A Liberles and Buel D Rodgers

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2012 12:202

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Species are considered the fundamental unit in many ecological and evolutionary analyses, yet accurate, complete, accessible taxonomic frameworks with which to identify them are often unavailable to researcher...

    Authors: Noah M Reid and Bryan C Carstens

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2012 12:196

    Content type: Methodology article

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  41. Osedax worms use a proliferative root system to extract nutrients from the bones of sunken vertebrate carcasses. The roots contain bacterial endosymbionts that contribute to the nutrition of these mouthless and g...

    Authors: Rahel M Salathé and Robert C Vrijenhoek

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2012 12:189

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The cuticle is an important adaptive structure whose origin played a crucial role in the transition of plants from aqueous to terrestrial conditions. HvABCG31/Eibi1 is an ABCG transporter gene, involved in cuticl...

    Authors: Xiaoying Ma, Hanan Sela, Genlin Jiao, Chao Li, Aidong Wang, Mohammad Pourkheirandish, Dmitry Weiner, Shun Sakuma, Tamar Krugman, Eviatar Nevo, Takao Komatsuda, Abraham Korol and Guoxiong Chen

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2012 12:188

    Content type: Research article

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  43. On the 4th September 2012 the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature announced an amendment to the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature allowing for electronic publication of the scientif...

    Authors: Frank-T Krell

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2012 12:184

    Content type: Editorial

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  44. The fern genus Dryopteris (Dryopteridaceae) is among the most common and species rich fern genera in temperate forests in the northern hemisphere containing 225–300 species worldwide. The circumscription of Dryop...

    Authors: Li-Bing Zhang, Liang Zhang, Shi-Yong Dong, Emily B Sessa, Xin-Fen Gao and Atsushi Ebihara

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2012 12:180

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Factors promoting diversification in lichen symbioses remain largely unexplored. While Pleistocene events have been important for driving diversification and affecting distributions in many groups, recent esti...

    Authors: Steven D Leavitt, Theodore L Esslinger, Pradeep K Divakar and H Thorsten Lumbsch

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2012 12:176

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Galeommatoidea is a superfamily of bivalves that exhibits remarkably diverse lifestyles. Many members of this group live attached to the body surface or inside the burrows of other marine invertebrates, includ...

    Authors: Ryutaro Goto, Atsushi Kawakita, Hiroshi Ishikawa, Yoichi Hamamura and Makoto Kato

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2012 12:172

    Content type: Research article

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