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Table 1 Parameters values and description (values in parentheses were implemented to evaluate the robustness of outcomes)

From: Elevated mutation rates are unlikely to evolve in sexual species, not even under rapid environmental change

Parameter Value Description
K 1000 Carrying capacity
γ 2.2 (3.2) Strength of selection
σ 2 1 Variance of the stochastic environment
θ 0 0 Initial environmental optimum
η 0, 0.01, 0.02, 0.03, 0.04 Rate of environmental change
z Evolving trait Ecological phenotype
VG 0.2 Initial genetic variance present in the population
L Number of loci per evolving trait 1
μ Evolving trait, range [0; 1] Mutation rate
MV 0.2 Variance of the distribution of mutations fitness effect size
bm 10, 25, 40, 50 Percentage (%) of beneficial mutations
pR 0 (unlinked), (0.5), 1 (complete linkage), Probability of recombination
t 300 Time limit per simulation, in generations. The last 200 generations were exposed to the treatment of directional climate change